Dotted with mountains and volcanoes covered by tropical rain forest, Indonesia is one of the world’s most exotic places for tropical mountain trekking and volcano observation. The Indonesia Ring of Fire runs through Sumatra, Java, the Lesser Sunda Islands and then up to Moluccas.
Here are the best volcanoes to climb in Indonesia:
The eruption of Mount Krakatoa in 1883 had been noted as one of the most violent volcanic events ever recorded. Mount Krakatoa is still very much an active volcano and scaling it would require camping a night at Rakata Island, where the view of the Krakatoa eruption can be witnessed at night. This one is a definite must-visit.
Mount Bromo is one of the most iconic mountains in Indonesia. This is due its majestic beauty, where it stands forebodingly within the Tengger caldera sea of sand while spewing off white sulphurous smoke.
Ijen Crater or locally known as Kawah Ijen is another popular mountain in Indonesia. Inside the crater is a magnificent turquoise sulphur lake that exudes flames, blue fire at night and smoky white in the day.
Mount Semeru is the tallest mountain in Java. The locals call it Mount Mahameru which means The Great Mountain, deriving from the mystical Hindu-Buddhist mountain of Meru and Sumeru the gods. It takes two hiking days to reach the peak and is relatively easy for seasoned hikers.
Mount Merbabu, the name which translated to Mountain of Ash, is the only volcano mountain in this list that is dormant. It lies adjacent to Mount Merapi towards the southeast at the height of more than 3,000 ft. It is a challenging hike up to the peak.
Mount Kerinci, the highest volcano in Indonesia and the highest peak in Sumatra, is located within the Kerinci Seblat National Park which is home to the endangered species – Sumatran Tiger and Sumatran Rhinoceros. An equally active volcano has annual activities. The climb to the rim of this mountain takes about three days and two nights.
Mount Batur is one of the most popular active volcano standing at 1700m height. A small two-hour trek for travellers and hikers to have a sunrise view of Bali and its surrounding islands. Though it is time consuming, the climb and the view of the landscape and Lake Batur is all worth it in the end.
Mount Agung is the highest mountain in Bali. It holds a spiritual significance to the Balinese as the Mother Temple of Besakih. Legend has it that it is created by the Hindu God Pasupati when he split the Mount Meru which is the spiritual axis of the universe. The hike itself is an adventure and many travelers find it really rewarding after experiencing it.
Mount Rinjani in Lombok is among the most active volcanoes in Indonesia. To hike this volcano mountain would take two days of trekking but the view at the summit is all worth it.
Mount Kelimutu is home to the famous tri-coloured lakes which people travel through long tortuous roads just to get to. The lakes are in hues of blue, green and red due to its volcanic substances and it changes colors depending on season and time making it magical.
With frequent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes, Indonesia has the daunting honor of being the world’s most geologically tumultuous country. Indonesia is a must-visit place for mountaineers to explore the rich flora and fauna of the work and some breathtaking scenic beauty.
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