Culture - Thai

WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 17604 [post_author] => 12 [post_date] => 2014-08-24 11:30:42 [post_date_gmt] => 2014-08-24 06:00:42 [post_content] => Just like their art and traditions, traditional Thai costumes also reflect the vibrant and rich culture of the Thais. Usually, these traditional costumes vary from city to city and from each historical period and are now worn only on auspicious occasions and festivals.

Elements that make up a Thai costume:

Pha Nung -  a long, rectangular cloth worn around the lower body which resembles a skirt. It can be draped and folded in several different ways. Sin - a tube skirt that is wrapped around the waist and typically consists of three parts: the Hua Sin, Tua Sin, and Tin Sin. Sabai - a shawl-like garment that can be used by both women and men. It is a long piece of silk, about a foot wide, draped diagonally around the chest with one end dropping behind the shoulder. Chong Kraben - a lower-body, wrap-around cloth. It resembles pants and is a rectangular piece of cloth measuring three meters long and one meter wide. It is worn by wrapping around the waist, stretching it away from the body, twisting the ends together then pulling the twisted fabric between the legs and tucking it in the back of the waist.

Thai formal costumes for women:

traditional thai costumePhoto courtesy of Royalty-free Google images

Thailand does not have a national costume, but the country's traditional costume has been adopted as the national costume and is worn to all formal occasions. When Queen Sirikit - the Queen consort of Thailand - accompanied the king to Europe and the United States in 1960, she noted that there was a need for a modern national costume in Thailand that was suitable for formal wear. The queen conducted research into the historical records of Thai royal dresses, and seven official designs were developed and promoted by the queen and her aides. They are named the Ruean Ton, Chit Lada, Amarin, Borom Phiman, Chakkri, Chakkraphat, and Siwalai Thai dresses. Since then, these dresses have come into regular use by the public as well.

Ruean Ton

It is the most casual clothing of all outfits and comprises of a horizontally or vertically striped silk or plain-coloured sin with a patterned band, sometimes folded to one side, The collarless blouse that goes with it is separated from the ankle-length skirt and this costume is suitable for casual and non-official functions such as Kathin Ton, a religious ceremony of presenting royal offerings to monks.

Chitlada

This costume with a brocaded band at the hem of the Sin, is a daytime ceremonial dress. It can be worn with a long-sleeved silk blouse, with the front opening attached with five ornamental silver or gold buttons. This costume is usually worn to a ceremony that is a not too informal such as the welcoming of official royal guests.

Amarin

This costume is an evening attire, made with brocaded fabric. The blouse is usually wide and round-necked with the length of the sleeve stretching just below the elbow. The beauty of this costume is accentuated by its textile and accessories. It can be used for an evening dinner or at the Royal Birthday Procession.

Borom Phiman

Also a formal evening attire, this costume comprises a long sleeved blouse which is either buttoned at the front or at the back. The fabric is brocaded to create a highly luxurious look and feel. The collar of the blouse is round-necked and the skirt and blouse are sewn together like a one-piece dress. The costume is suitable to be worn in either a formal or semi-formal event like Royal ceremonies.

Chakkri

This costume is considered formal and elegant wear and is normally produced using a weaving technique called "Yok". This technique adds extra thickness to the fabric without adding supplementary threads. Often a touch of gold or silver threads is added, making the fabric produced this way particularly more expensive.

Chakkraphat

This costume is similar to Chakkri. However, it is more conservative and considered more officially appropriate. The top half of the costume has a pleated shawl covered with embroidery. It can be worn for royal and national ceremonies.

Siwalai

It is a formal evening costume similar to Borom Phiman, but has an over-shoulder sbai. It is worn for royal ceremonies and formal functions.

Thai formal costumes for men:

Formal Thai costumePhoto courtesy of Royalty-free Google images

The Thai men's national costume is known as the Suea Phraratchathan, meaning the "royally bestowed shirt". Usually worn to royal ceremonies, this costume has incorporated itself into weddings as well. The shirt shares the appearance of the Nehru jacket and has a Mandarin collar 3.5 to 4 centimetres in height. The shirt comes in three varieties: short-sleeved, long-sleeved, and long-sleeved with a sash which ranges from the least to most formal, respectively. The shirt sports two outer pockets at the front and is worn with trousers. [post_title] => Traditional Thai Costumes [post_excerpt] => Traditional Thai costumes and the occasions they are worn for. [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => traditional-thai-costumes [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2017-11-02 11:35:42 [post_modified_gmt] => 2017-11-02 00:35:42 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://asianinspirations.com.au/?post_type=culture&p=17604 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => asian-culture [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw )

Traditional Thai Costumes

Just like their art and traditions, traditional Thai costumes also reflect the vibrant and rich culture of the Thais. Usually, these traditional costumes vary from city to city and from each historical period and are now worn only on auspicious occasions and festivals.

Elements that make up a Thai costume:

Pha Nung -  a long, rectangular cloth worn around the lower body which resembles a skirt. It can be draped and folded in several different ways.

Sin – a tube skirt that is wrapped around the waist and typically consists of three parts: the Hua Sin, Tua Sin, and Tin Sin.

Sabai - a shawl-like garment that can be used by both women and men. It is a long piece of silk, about a foot wide, draped diagonally around the chest with one end dropping behind the shoulder.

Chong Kraben - a lower-body, wrap-around cloth. It resembles pants and is a rectangular piece of cloth measuring three meters long and one meter wide. It is worn by wrapping around the waist, stretching it away from the body, twisting the ends together then pulling the twisted fabric between the legs and tucking it in the back of the waist.

Thai formal costumes for women:

traditional thai costumePhoto courtesy of Royalty-free Google images

Thailand does not have a national costume, but the country’s traditional costume has been adopted as the national costume and is worn to all formal occasions. When Queen Sirikit – the Queen consort of Thailand - accompanied the king to Europe and the United States in 1960, she noted that there was a need for a modern national costume in Thailand that was suitable for formal wear. The queen conducted research into the historical records of Thai royal dresses, and seven official designs were developed and promoted by the queen and her aides. They are named the Ruean Ton, Chit Lada, Amarin, Borom Phiman, Chakkri, Chakkraphat, and Siwalai Thai dresses. Since then, these dresses have come into regular use by the public as well.

Ruean Ton

It is the most casual clothing of all outfits and comprises of a horizontally or vertically striped silk or plain-coloured sin with a patterned band, sometimes folded to one side, The collarless blouse that goes with it is separated from the ankle-length skirt and this costume is suitable for casual and non-official functions such as Kathin Ton, a religious ceremony of presenting royal offerings to monks.

Chitlada

This costume with a brocaded band at the hem of the Sin, is a daytime ceremonial dress. It can be worn with a long-sleeved silk blouse, with the front opening attached with five ornamental silver or gold buttons. This costume is usually worn to a ceremony that is a not too informal such as the welcoming of official royal guests.

Amarin

This costume is an evening attire, made with brocaded fabric. The blouse is usually wide and round-necked with the length of the sleeve stretching just below the elbow. The beauty of this costume is accentuated by its textile and accessories. It can be used for an evening dinner or at the Royal Birthday Procession.

Borom Phiman

Also a formal evening attire, this costume comprises a long sleeved blouse which is either buttoned at the front or at the back. The fabric is brocaded to create a highly luxurious look and feel. The collar of the blouse is round-necked and the skirt and blouse are sewn together like a one-piece dress. The costume is suitable to be worn in either a formal or semi-formal event like Royal ceremonies.

Chakkri

This costume is considered formal and elegant wear and is normally produced using a weaving technique called “Yok”. This technique adds extra thickness to the fabric without adding supplementary threads. Often a touch of gold or silver threads is added, making the fabric produced this way particularly more expensive.

Chakkraphat

This costume is similar to Chakkri. However, it is more conservative and considered more officially appropriate. The top half of the costume has a pleated shawl covered with embroidery. It can be worn for royal and national ceremonies.

Siwalai

It is a formal evening costume similar to Borom Phiman, but has an over-shoulder sbai. It is worn for royal ceremonies and formal functions.

Thai formal costumes for men:

Formal Thai costumePhoto courtesy of Royalty-free Google images

The Thai men’s national costume is known as the Suea Phraratchathan, meaning the “royally bestowed shirt”. Usually worn to royal ceremonies, this costume has incorporated itself into weddings as well.

The shirt shares the appearance of the Nehru jacket and has a Mandarin collar 3.5 to 4 centimetres in height. The shirt comes in three varieties: short-sleeved, long-sleeved, and long-sleeved with a sash which ranges from the least to most formal, respectively. The shirt sports two outer pockets at the front and is worn with trousers.

You May Also Like

Inspirational Stories

Inspirational Stories

Family Holidays

Family Holidays

CNY 2016 WINNERS

Kate Brodhurst

Rosalin Kristiani

Glenda Mc Donnell

Michael J Sabo

Melinda Savage

Lisa-Jane Fudge

Lillie Giang

Justine Withers

Julia Brodska

Josephine Chan

Sally-Ann Haw

Store Locator

Find your nearest Asian Store

Search


Our Newsletter

Sign up for an authentic Asian experience. From exotic cuisines to fascinating destinations to cooking competitions and monthly giveaways - Discover the Authentic